It is the area of study which deals with the designing and planning of buildings and
structures and the spaces between them. Architecture is a highly competitive and
multi-disciplinary profession which involves a variety of tasks at work
Architects are the licensed professionals trained in the art and science of building.
They are involved in all the phases of the building construction i.e the functional,
safety, economical and has to satisfy the needs of its occupants. They are
responsible person for the planning, designing and supervision of construction
works for houses, office buildings, skyscrapers, landscapes, and even entire cities.
An Architect is a combination of artist, professional and businessperson. They
ideates, sketches, makes blueprints of their designs and then sees them come to
life as cottages, skyscrapers and even monuments. Apart from designing and
construction, architects are trained in activities ranging from conceptual problem
solving to project management.
Bachelor's degree in architecture (B.Arch) or Diploma in architecture.
The basic eligibility criteria for B.Arch is 10+2 (senior secondary Class XII)
or equivalent referred to as the qualifying examination from a recognized
Board/University with a minimum of 50% marks in Science subjects
(Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics). Besides this, the candidate must
qualify an entrance examination.
Admission to first year of Five years full time undergraduate
course in Architecture (Bachelor of Architecture) in various colleges of India is
through National and State level entrance examinations.
The CBSE conducts a national level entrance examination- All India Engineering
Entrance Examination (AIEEE) on an All India basis for entry to undergraduate
programmes in B. Architecture and B. Planning in government and private
institutes. The paper consists of Mathematics, an Aptitude Test and a Drawing test.
The National Aptitude test in Architecture (NATA), the online test with drawing exam
is conducted by the National Institute of Advanced Studies and Architecture in
association with the Council of Architecture (COA). NATA scores are used by
admissions authorities of different unaided & Government aided schools / colleges
of Architecture, to provide common measures for comparing the qualifications of
applicants. NATA measures aesthetic sensitivity, critical thinking, perception,
observation and architectural awareness.
The main task of an architect is to design and execute the plan for construction of
any building or area. The job scenario include site selection, field research and
supervision, safety management, quality control, environmental planning,
estimating and costing, supervision of construction work, interior decoration etc.
The architect is the overall in charge for construction- his responsibility begins right
from the designing and planning of the structure until the same is erected.
A qualified architect, to work as a consultant or to set up private practice, must
register with the Council of Architecture before starting their profession. The Councilof Architecture constituted by the government of India is charged with the
responsibility to regulate the education and practice of profession throughout India
besides maintaining the register of architects. This body along with the Indian
Institute of Architects- the national body of Architects in the country, lays down the
guidelines for working hours, work environment, fees etc.